Please note that if the links in the video do not work, use the links below:
The Celts (two short videos)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XQ9lvVCfyN8 (additional information included in this video, feel free to focus only on food)
Reading text from the video
Ever wondered what it would have been like to eat with a Celt or a Roman?
The pre-Roman Celts ate with fingers and dagger off of plates made from wood or bread. Food was either passed around or served at a low table. They sat crossed legged or squatted on floors covered in rushes or animal skins. Food was usually cooked over a central fire in a round house. We know the Celts ate well, with pork or beef being boiled in large cauldrons or roasted on a spit. It was also salted for later use. Fish, bread, honey, butter, cheese, venison, boar and wild fowl were also common. A favourite was salmon with honey. Porridge was a typical breakfast, possibly along with ale or mead and maybe a few bannocks (flat cakes made from barley or oats).
Hospitality was highly valued, so much in fact that strangers were allowed to eat before being asked their name or what they needed. At banquets, the chief or king gave the “hero’s portion,” the choice thigh, to the bravest man in the clan.
After the Roman invasion, kitchens of Celts who adopted the Roman ways weren’t too different from yours, at least in terms of cooking implements. They didn’t have microwaves, but they did have ovens to bake bread and stoves/hearths on which to boil, fry or stew. They also had sieves and ladles, chopping boards, baking sheets, and pots and pans of iron or bronze. They could even adjust the heat level of their stoves by placing the cooking vessels over metal tripods of varying heights.
The Romans brought with them many new foods, such as onions, leeks, lettuce, lentils, celery, plums, apples and walnuts. They also brought herbs used in healing and cooking such as dill, garlic, fennel, sage and rosemary. Their love of food was accompanied by a great love for wine, which had been imported by the southern and eastern Celtic tribes before the invasion, but was in high demand after. Oddly enough, the Celts were known for their dislike of olive oil, something highly prized by the Romans.
With these new foods came new table manners. Roman men ate on couches, their left hand supporting them, right hand used in eating. Women sat on basket chairs. They used finger bowls to cleanse the fingertips and napkins to wipe their mouths. Napkins were also used to take home leftovers (ancient doggie bag!) According to Gifford, they ate with knives and spoons of bronze, bone or silver. Other historians claim the spoon wasn’t invented until much later on. Those people say soup was eaten out of a communal bowl that was passed among the dinners.
(Eww…Soup is off the menu in my books just because I can’t verify which way is correct for eating it.)
Mr E's PE
Hello Year 4.
Mrs Gorin and Miss Smalley have told me that you have been learning how to play rounders. Below is a video teaching you step by step how to juggle 3 balls. By learning this skill, it will help you to improve your hand eye co-ordination, which is something you need to throw, catch and hit the ball in rounders. Please take your time learning how to juggle as it could take you a while to learn this new skill, which is totally fine - it took me a couple of weeks to learn and even now I am still trying to perfect how to juggle! If you do not have any balls at home then you could try rolled up socks.
Try learning a little part of juggling each day whilst at home and send me an update next Thursday morning to email@example.com
Please also see below another game to help improve your reaction time called head, shoulders, knees and cone and a video that shows you how to make a chatterbox and put exercises on the inside so you can keep active each day.
Bring your chatterboxes when you come back to school so you can use them for your next PE lesson.